ISSN: 0041-3216 (Online), 0041-3216 (Print)
Volume 92 Number 4
Analysis of cooking fuel consumption by urban households in Ogun State, Nigeria. (350)
This paper analyses cooking fuel consumption by urban households in Ogun State, Nigeria. A Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed for this study. At the first stage, primary data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 160 households drawn from a purposive selection of four urban local government areas. The second stage involved the random selection of four wards from each of the four urban local government areas and at the third stage, ten households were randomly sampled in each of the sixteen wards. However, only 150 respondents who completed all the questionnaire items were actually used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics and Multinomial Logit Regression were used for data analysis. Results showed that the mean age of the respondents was 45years. Per capita income of the household was Naira 79,268 per month while the mean household size was 5 persons. The sources of fuel consumed were kerosene by 55.00% of the respondents, gas was by 37.00% of the respondents and charcoal was by 8.00% of the respondent. Multinomial logit regression results revealed that the probability of household using gas as against kerosene was influenced by household size (p<0.05) and expenditure on fuel (p<0.01), while the use of charcoal against kerosene were influenced by household size (p<0.01) and expenditure on fuel (p<0.05). The study concluded that household head income, household size and occupation of the spouse were major determinants of cooking fuel choice in the study area. The study recommended improvement of household income and sensitization on the use of gas in order to reduce the risk of usage.
Keywords: Cooking fuel, multi-nomial logit regression, charcoal, kerosene, and gas