ISSN: 0041-3216

ISSN: 0041-3216 (Online), 0041-3216 (Print)
Volume 71 Number 2
Research Papers
Weathering of soya bean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in the tropics, as affected by seed characteristics and reproductive development
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Small seed size, hard seed coat, and reduced interval from the R6 to R7 reproductive developmental stage are factors associated with resistance of soya bean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] seed to field weathering. A study was conducted to evaluate the role of these characteristics on germination of 25 genotypes after exposure to field, incubator, and sprinkler-weathering treatments. At physiological and harvest maturity, and after both simulated weathering treatments, germination was negatively correlated with 100-seed weight and the number of days from R6 to R7. Only under the disease pressure of the incubator treatment was hard seed coat significantly correlated with germination (r = 0.48). Coloured seed was superior to yellow seed except for large-sized coloured seeds. Small-seeded genotypes had higher germination than large-seeded types, particularly when they matured late or had a short interval from R6 to R7. One genotype, OCB, matured early, had relatively large seeds, and few hard seeds, yet had good seed quality, possibly attributed to a short interval from R6 to R7. The incubator test was the least useful weathering treatment.
Keywords: Seed quality; Seed size; Hard seed coat; Simulated weathering