ISSN: 0041-3216 (Online), 0041-3216 (Print)
Volume 68 Number 3
Planting density and arrangement for higher berry and solasodine yields in Solanum viarum; rectangular vs square spacing
Using nearly spine-free diploid and induced autotetraploid lines developed in our laboratory in two trials, berry and solasodine yields of Solanum viarum were evaluated over a wide range of planting densities (6900-49 000 plants ha-1) under square and rectangular spacings. Under square spacing, a linear relationship existed between planting density (up to 49 000 plants ha-1) and berry yield. Solasodine content was not affected by planting density, but within the range 6900- 28 000 plants ha-1, rectangular spacing (E to W) proved superior to square spacing in both berry and solasodine yields. Available evidence supported the adoption of wider east-west spacing for better light interception and realization of higher berry and solasodine yields. Higher planting densities (up to 49 000 plants ha-1) and square spacing is suggested for crop harvested once only at 180 days.
Keywords: Solanum viarum; Planting density; Berry yield; Square spacing; Rectangular spacing; Diploid varieties; Autotetraploid varieties; Solasodine