ISSN: 0041-3216 (Online), 0041-3216 (Print)
Volume 77 Number 2
Direct somatic embryogenesis in zygotic embryos of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.). (98)
Direct somatic embryogenesis from isolated intact as well as broken zygotic embryos and in vitro plantlets of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) was obtained. Enhanced embryogenic response was associated with broken zygotic embryos. Activated charcoal and light were the critical factors for induction of somatic embryogenesis in nutmeg. Histological evaluation revealed the presence of globular and cotyledonary stages. The somatic embryos underwent partial germination after a six-month lag period. A wide range of abnormal embryos were observed. The somatic embryos synthesised chlorophyll, exhibited phenylalanine ammonia lyase activity, synthesised phenolics, and could serve as a stable source of secondary metabolites of nutmeg which are commercially important.
Keywords: Myristica fragrans; Zygotic embryos; Somatic embryos; Phenylalanine ammonia lyase; Activated charcoal