Challenges of biodiversity management within the agroecosystem of West Arsi Zone, southeast Ethiopia
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Keywords

Biodiversity management
agroecosystem challenges
West Arsi Zone

How to Cite

Challenges of biodiversity management within the agroecosystem of West Arsi Zone, southeast Ethiopia. (2024). Tropical Agriculture, 101(1), 90-105. https://doi.org/10.37234/

Abstract

Biodiversity and agriculture are strongly interrelated as they support one another in conservation and sustainable utilisation. However, there are many challenges of biodiversity management within an agroecosystem. The main objective of this study was to identify the main challenges associated with conservation of biodiversity within the agroecosystem of the West Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. Four Woredas namely, Wondo, Adaba, Kokossa and Nensebo were purposively selected based on their conservation, diversification practices and prevalence of the constraints. Both primary data and secondary data were collected and analysed. Qualitative data were analysed using content analysis. One way ANOVA was used to identify significance differences among the household respondents pertaining to challenges of biodiversity management within the agroecosystem of the zone. Pearson correlation analysis was used to identify the correlation between challenges of biodiversity management within the agroecosystem and major challenging factors. Percentage yield reductions of up to 32% were thought to be due to climate change. The results of the study indicate that biodiversity management, particularly, plant and animal communities across the agroecosystem of the West Arsi Zone are under several constraints due to population growth, climate change, invasive species, crop and animal diseases, overexploitation of resources, feed shortages, agricultural pollution and soil erosion. Therefore, concerned bodies should give due attention for the area to promote conservation and environmental sustainability.

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