Analysis of food security status among garri processors in Oyo State, Nigeria


Food insecurity
garri processor
USDA approach

How to Cite

Analysis of food security status among garri processors in Oyo State, Nigeria. (2022). Tropical Agriculture, 99(3), 282-291.


Food insecurity is a worldwide issue that affects many countries but has a disproportionate impact on Africa. Numerous studies have been done to know the level of food security in agricultural families. None of these studies, however, has addressed food security concerns among garri processors. Thus, this research quantified food security status, analysed the variables affecting food security, and highlighted survival strategies used by garri processors to mitigate the effects of food insecurity in Oyo state, Nigeria. Multiple sampling techniques were used to generate a sample size of 120 garri processors. The study objectives were accomplished via the use of descriptive statistics, the USDA's technique for quantifying food insecurity, and multinomial regression analysis. The research found that none of the households were food secure, whereas 39.2% were food insecure without hunger (FIWH), 22.5% were food insecure with moderate hunger (FIWHM), and 38.3% were food insecure with severe hunger (FIWHS). It was also found that age, the number of years of experience of garri processors, the size of the family, and garri processing technology are all important predictors of food insecurity. The effective coping methods employed in the research region to combat food insecurity are access to remittances to purchase food, intake of grains only and engaging in off-farm jobs to supplement family income, access to remittance to purchase food and borrowing money to purchase food items. Consequently, we suggest the need for intervention to subsidise modern technologies in garri processing technology since the traditional processing methods are labour intensive and yield little return on investment.