Extracts of Lagenaria breviflora (Benth.) Roberty: Its effect on health of egg-type birds managed under two housing systems
Keywords:Housing systems, Lagenaria breviflora, Phytobiotic, Haematology and Serum metabolites
AbstractA total of 126 20-weeks old Yaffa-brown pullet birds were administered extract of L. breviflora (Benth.) Roberty at 3 levels; 0 (conventional medication/control), 200 g and 300 g fresh weight per 4 litres of water; Deep litter (DL) and Deep litter with run (DLR) with each treatment sub-divided into three replicates of 7 birds each. Data obtained on haematological indices, serum metabolites and excreta analysis at determined periods (5, 10 and 16 weeks in lay) were arranged in a 3 x 2 factorial layout in a completely randomized design. Birds dosed 200 g L. breviflora had higher PCV, HB and RBC compared to 0 and 300 g dosed birds. Increase in L. breviflora administration resulted in increased serum glucose except at 16 weeks in lay. Housing systems had no effect on lymphocytes and heterophil except at 16 weeks in lay with birds on DLR and DL having higher values, respectively. The total protein concentration in the different housing systems differed significantly all through the production cycle except at 16 weeks in lay. L. breviflora administration had effect on (p<0.05) on excreta oocyte per gram only at 5 weeks in likewise the interaction of both factors. Rearing of egg-type birds on both modified and administered L. breviflora up 300 g had no negative effect and greatly improved health status.