Effects of phosphorus deficiency on phenology and yield components of short-duration pigeonpea

Y.S. Chauhan, C. Johansen, N. Venkataratnam

Abstract


In pot experiments with Alfisols (fine hypothermic Udic Rhodustalf) of low P status, P deficiency delayed flowering and maturity of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) cultivar ICPL 6 by up to two months. A reduction in grain yield due to P deficiency could primarily be attributed to less biomass, less branching, fewer pods plants-1 and reduced seed mass. At the soil P level giving near-minimum grain yields, concentrations were about 0.3% in the seed and 0.15% in the leaved at plant maturity. These results have implications for adapting short-duration pigeonpea to various cropping system.

Keywords


Pigeonpea; Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.; Alfisol; Flowering; Morphology; Symptoms; Phosphorus uptake

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