Laboratory estimation of nutrient losses by leaching on an Oxisol from Brazil
Keywords:Leaching losses, Cation redistribution, Oxisol
AbstractNutrient leaching losses were estimated in a laboratory experiment on an Oxisol soil used in slash-and-bum agriculture in Brazil. Soils were packed in columns to field bulk densities. Treatments included additions of ash from the burning of the slash, fine roots separated from uncultivated soil, and untreated soil. Leachates were analysed for Ca, Mg, K, organic and inorganic P and mineral N. Leaching losses were no greater where ash or roots were added than in the control. Estimated annual losses of nutrients were 70-100, 0.5, 28, 13, and 60 kg ha-1, of N, P, Ca, Mg, and K, respectively. Organic P (Po) and ammonium were the dominant forms of P and mineral N in the leachates. The adsorption selectivity of the soil for basic cations followed the order: K < Ca < Mg. The most significant differences in the soil columns occurred in the 0-to 5-cm depth, where exchangeable Ca, Mg, the sum of cations, and pH values were higher, particularly in the treatment amended with ash.