First occurrence of Witches' Broom disease in the principal cocoa-growing region of Brazil

Authors

  • J.L. Periera Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, CEPEC-CEPLAC, Caixa Postal 7, 45.600-Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil
  • A. Ram Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, CEPEC-CEPLAC, Caixa Postal 7, 45.600-Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil
  • J.M. de Figueiredo Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, CEPEC-CEPLAC, Caixa Postal 7, 45.600-Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil
  • L.C.C. de Almeida Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, CEPEC-CEPLAC, Caixa Postal 7, 45.600-Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil

Keywords:

Theobroma cacao, Crinipellis perniciosa, Witches’ broom disease, First occurrence, Bahia, Brazil

Abstract

Cocoa was introduced into the State of Bahia from the Amazon region in 1746; today, 85% of Brazilian cocoa is grown in Bahia. The pathogen of cocoa, Crinipellis perniciosa, although responsible of severe losses in all cocoa-producing countries of South and Central America, was absent from this region of Brazil. This Paper is the first record of the occurrence of witches’ broom disease in Bahia, the second largest concentration of cocoa in the World.

Issue

Section

Research Notes