Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

Author Guidelines

The Manuscript format:

The paper should include – Title of paper, Authors names and affiliation, Contact information including e-mail address, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, References, and Tables, figures and Illustrations. The paper should be written concisely not exceeding 6000 words in length, with double line spacing, typed on one side of the page.

Tables, Figures and Photographs:

All graphs and figures should be prepared in programmes compatible with Microsoft word for Windows operating systems. Both plotted graphs and figures and their co-ordinates should be submitted. Each category of graphics should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Footnotes to tables should be indicated by lower-case superscript letters.

Figures should be limited to those essential for the text. A result should not be duplicated by presentation as both a table and a graph.

Legends must be brief, self-sufficient explanations of the figures and tables. When symbols, arrows, numbers or letters are used to identify parts of an illustration, identify and explain each one clearly.

Line drawings should be submitted as clear black and white drawings suitable for reproduction. All lines should be of uniform thickness. Figures should allow for same-size reproduction and no larger than 20.2 by 25.4cm.

Micrographs should carry an internal measurement, the value of which should be stated in the accompanying legend.

Units and Abbreviations:

Units of measurement must conform to the SI system.

Abbreviations and symbols should conform to conventions of the IUPAC-IUB Commission.


Appropriate statistical tools used for data analysis should be identified and proper references provided.

Citations and References:

These should be in accordance with Chicago manual of Style, 16th Edition. References should be arranged alphabetically by first author surname, initials and initials, surname of other authors. Year of publication, title of article, title of Journal, volume (and issue number) as appropriate and page numbers.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.