The Impact of Literacy Strategies on Form 1 Secondary Students' Motivation and Performance in Integrated Science


  • Ambika Sandhya Persad
  • Rawatee Maharaj-Sharma


Literacy Strategies, Motivation in Science, Student Performance


In this work, literacy strategies were used to teach a unit of integrated science to a group of 30 form 1 secondary school students of ages 12-14 in Trinidad and Tobago. Student motivation questionnaires and pre and post intervention scores were used to determine (1) the effect of literacy strategies on students’ levels of motivation in Integrated Science, and (2) the impact of literacy strategies on the academic performance of the students in Integrated Science. Pre and post test scores as well as student motivation questionnaires were used to assess the impact of the intervention on students’ levels of performance and motivation levels. Comparison of pre and post intervention scores revealed that 83% of the class scores improved after the intervention. Statistical analysis using t-test also showed that the use of literacy strategies had a positive impact on both performance and motivation levels. The findings from this study offer promise for the use of literacy strategies for improving motivation and student performance in Integrated Science.

Author Biographies

Ambika Sandhya Persad

Ambika Sandhya Persad is a Secondary School Teacher of Physics and Integrated Science at a secondary school in the North Eastern Educational District of Trinidad and Tobago. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics (honours), and a Post Graduate Diploma in Education specialization in Science (with distinction), at UWI, St. Augustine Trinidad and Tobago. Her research interests include: science education at the secondary level, STEM education and integration of technology in the classroom.

Rawatee Maharaj-Sharma

Rawatee Maharaj-Sharma is a Senior Lecturer in Science Education (Physics) at the School of Education, UWI, St. Augustine Trinidad & Tobago. Dr. Sharma is also the current Deputy Dean of Planning & Programming at the Faculty of Humanities and Education. She has been the Coordinator of the Bachelor of Education Programme for the past nine years. She previously lectured at York University, Canada (5 years), in Physics and Astronomy. Her research interests include novel approaches in science education, science students’ voices and students’ conceptions and misconceptions in science.