Volume 4, Number 1 (2014)
Defying Merchant Capital in the Gold Coast
This essay focuses on cocoa producers in the Gold Coast during the early 20th century, and the strategies of resistance and compromise they adopted towards British merchant capital and the British colonial government. It argues that cocoa farmers were able to reduce and frustrate the attempts of British merchant firms through a combination of weapons of the weak and militant action. This indigenous farmer agency influenced colonial government policies and shaped the formation of the colonial economic structure with the introduction of agricultural marketing boards, which deprived the British merchant firms of their monopoly on the cocoa marketing process.